Our Spay And Neuter Clinic Takes Care Of Small Pet Animals
Many small pets such as rabbits, rats, chinchillas and guinea pigs can benefit from being spayed or neutered. Our spay and neuter clinic in the Kennedy Heights Animal & Bird Hospital in Surrey, BC, is experienced in performing these procedures for small animals.
Spaying refers to the surgical procedure performed to make pets incapable of reproduction. Spaying is also known as an ovariohysterectomy. To neuter refers to removal of the reproductive organs meaning the surgical removal of the male testicles.
Take the Opportunity to Have an Animal Microchip Inserted
While at the hospital, you can arrange for an ID microchip for your pet. A microchip with an individualized number is the size of a grain of rice and is inserted under the skin of your pet with no anesthetic necessary.
If your pet is ever lost, no worries – the ID number can be scanned and read at any animal home, shelter, clinic, or hospital, and you, the owner, contacted. All you have to do is supply contact information and the name of your pet, and his ID will be safely and easily registered.
Why Spaying and Neutering Is Beneficial for Your Small Pets
Spaying and neutering are two common surgical procedures that are performed on dogs and cats, but small pets can also be spayed and neutered. Spaying and neutering and has a number of benefits:
- Prevention of Pregnancy – This is the most common reason that rabbits are neutered, particularly if there are both male and female rabbits or other small pets living together in a household. There are certainly enough rabbits in the world and too many are neglected or abandoned. One should not consider breeding these pets just for fun or education. Be a responsible pet owner and do not breed your pet unless you are well educated on the topic and are prepared to take on all the responsibilities such activity entails.
- Prevention of Uterine and Mammary Gland cancer in females – Particularly in rabbits, mammary In some rabbit populations the rate of uterine adenocarcinoma (a malignant uterine cancer) can approach 80% of the females. It is believed that the incidence may be related to the rabbit’s genetic makeup. Since we usually don’t know the genetic background of most of our rabbits, it is best to have the surgery done as a preventative for this cancer. this cancer can spread rapidly to other organs of the body such as the liver, lungs and even the skin and it is not treatable once it metastasizes outside of the uterus. We see many cases of this disease each year and sadly these rabbits could have avoided this problem. Rabbits under two years of age rarely develop this disease so it is best to get your female spayed before this age.
- Prevention of other Uterine Disease – Spaying prevents uterine diseases such as pyometra (infected uterus full of pus), uterine aneurism (uterus full of blood) and endometritis (inflamed uterine lining).
- Prevention of False Pregnancies – This is a hormonal state triggered by the ovaries where the body acts as if it is pregnant but there is in fact no pregnancy. Although this is not medically harmful, it can be stressful for the pet who goes through all the activities of being pregnant including nest building, milk production and aggressive protection of her territory. This aggression can be taken out on the caretakers and cage mates and can make the pet difficult to handle during this period. Some rabbits experiencing false pregnancy will develop a decreased appetite and have gastrointestinal disturbances as well.
- Prevention of Mammary Gland (Breast) Disease – Mammary gland cancer and cystic mammary glands(the mammary glands fill with a cystic material) can be prevented by spaying.
- Prevention of Aggressive Behavior – Many small pets, especially rabbits can display aggressive behavior when they are sexually mature. Many rabbits are sweet and easy to handle as little babies, but when the teenage years hit at around six to twelve months of age…watch out! They don’t want to be touched or picked up and they act like they want to destroy everything in sight. This is their way of learning to protect themselves, their territory and potential future families. They can often take out their aggression on you or their cage mates. There may be more biting, striking, lunging and chasing. It is best to neuter just before or shortly after sexual maturity to keep this behavior to a minimum.
- Prevention of Urine Spraying – Both male and females can spray urine on vertical surfaces to mark their territory. This is particularly common in rabbits. Intact mature males do this at least 10 times more frequently than females. In addition, the urine from a sexually mature male rabbit can have a strong odor that is unpleasant. It may be impossible to completely stop this behavior if has gone on for a while. Therefore, it is best to prevent it and get the little guys neutered just before or shortly after sexual maturity.
- Prevention of Testicular Disease – Infections or cancers can occurin unneutered males.
Since these procedures will render small pets infertile, you will be doing your part in helping to resolve the problem of animal overpopulation. As veterinarians, we know all too well that the rapidly growing population of animals has been causing problems of neglect and abandonment.
The best age to spay or neuter your small pet depends on the type of small pet and the breed and can vary from 4 months old to 9 months old. Please call us at the Kennedy Heights Animal and Bird Hospital in Surrey at (604) 591-5304 for more detailed information or to answer any questions you might have.
We Welcome Small Pets for Neutering and Spaying
At the Kennedy Heights Bird and Animal Hospital we have been looking after and spaying and neutering small pets since we were established in 1992. Our staff and doctors have a special interest in these small pets so spaying and neutering them is one of the many services we provide for them. Our doctors and staff are experienced in minimal stress handling and anesthesia techniques specific to these small pets.
There are some important differences from other species when spaying and neutering these small pets.
- Many of the small rodents have testicles that can retract into the abdomen so that neutering requires extra care to prevent post operative hernias.
- Most species of animals have one cervix, but did you know that rabbits actually have two!
- Fasting times prior to surgery are minimal because of their rapid metabolism and many small mammals such as rabbits, guinea pigs and chinchillas are physically unable to vomit.
- Gastrointestinal problems, are more common with anesthesia and these small pets should eat once awake from spaying and neutering. Our technicians hand feed them special formula once awake.
- It is important that all skin sutures are buried underneath the skin, since these animals are avid chewers and do not tolerate elisabethan collars very well.
Our spay and neuter clinic at the Kennedy Heights Animal& Bird Hospital will be happy to answer any questions you have about spaying and neutering small pets. Visit us at 8614 120th Street, Surrey (BC) V3W 3N6, or call us at (604) 591-5304.